Counting Connected Subgraphs with Maximum-Degree-Aware Sieving

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Abstract

We study the problem of counting the isomorphic occurrences of a k-vertex pattern graph P as a subgraph in an n-vertex host graph G. Our specific interest is on algorithms for subgraph counting that are sensitive to the maximum degree Delta of the host graph. Assuming that the pattern graph P is connected and admits a vertex balancer of size b, we present an algorithm that counts the occurrences of P in G in O ((2 Delta-2)^{(k+b)/2} 2^{-b} n/(Delta) k^2 log n) time. We define a balancer as a vertex separator of P that can be represented as an intersection of two equal-size vertex subsets, the union of which is the vertex set of P, and both of which induce connected subgraphs of P. A corollary of our main result is that we can count the number of k-vertex paths in an n-vertex graph in O((2 Delta-2)^{floor[k/2]} n k^2 log n) time, which for all moderately dense graphs with Delta <= n^{1/3} improves on the recent breakthrough work of Curticapean, Dell, and Marx [STOC 2017], who show how to count the isomorphic occurrences of a q-edge pattern graph as a subgraph in an n-vertex host graph in time O(q^q n^{0.17q}) for all large enough q. Another recent result of Brand, Dell, and Husfeldt [STOC 2018] shows that k-vertex paths in a bounded-degree graph can be approximately counted in O(4^kn) time. Our result shows that the exact count can be recovered at least as fast for Delta<10. Our algorithm is based on the principle of inclusion and exclusion, and can be viewed as a sparsity-sensitive version of the "counting in halves"-approach explored by Björklund, Husfeldt, Kaski, and Koivisto [ESA 2009].

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Aalto University
  • University of Helsinki
  • IT University of Copenhagen
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Datavetenskap (datalogi)

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
Titel på värdpublikation29th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation (ISAAC 2018)
FörlagSchloss Dagstuhl- Leibniz-Zentrum fur Informatik GmbH, Dagstuhl Publishing
Sidor17:1-17:12
ISBN (tryckt)978-3-95977-094-1
StatusPublished - 2018
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa
Evenemang29th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation, ISAAC 2018

- Jiaoxi, Yilan, Taiwan, Republiken Kina
Varaktighet: 2018 dec 162018 dec 19

Konferens

Konferens29th International Symposium on Algorithms and Computation, ISAAC 2018

LandTaiwan, Republiken Kina
OrtJiaoxi, Yilan
Period2018/12/162018/12/19