Cross-bridge kinetics and shortening in smooth muscle

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Abstract

Stiffness measurements were performed on smooth muscle preparations from guinea-pig taenia coli to obtain information on the number of attached cross bridges under varying contractile conditions. The normalized stiffness of the cross-bridge system in smooth muscle may be of a magnitude similar to that assumed in skeletal muscle. Transition from isometric contraction to unloaded shortening was associated with a decrease in stiffness to 50% or less of the isometric value, slightly higher than that found in skeletal muscle fibers. Comparison of phasic (5 s) and tonic (5 min) contractions showed lower Vmax, intracellular [Ca2+], and myosin 20 kDa light chain phosphorylation at 5 min, indicating development of a latch state. Isometric force and stiffness were identical in the two types of contraction. However, stiffness during unloaded shortening was greater in the latch state, which may be the result of the presence of a population of cross bridges with a low rate constant for detachment.

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Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Fysiologi
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)1334-1337
TidskriftCanadian Journal of Physiology and Pharmacology
Volym72
Utgåva nummer11
StatusPublished - 1994
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa