Cyclic adenosine monophosphate stimulation of mucociliary activity in the upper airways in vivo

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Xanthine derivatives are known to accelerate mucociliary transport in the lower airways, probably by preventing degradation of cyclic adenosine monophosphate (cAMP) and thereby increasing its intracellular concentration. The purpose of this study was to investigate the effects of cAMP on mucociliary activity in the upper airways. The effect on the mucociliary activity in the rabbit maxillary sinus of the xanthine derivatives theophylline and enprophylline was compared to that of the cAMP analog dibutyryl cAMP. The compounds were administered into the maxillary artery, and the response was recorded with a photoelectric technique. Infusions of theophylline (1.0 and 10 mg/kg) increased mucociliary activity (22.8% +/- 5.9%, n = 6, and 21.6% +/- 4.9%, n = 7, p < .05, respectively). Infusions of enprophylline (1.0 and 10.0 mg/kg) accelerated mucociliary activity (at the highest dosage tested, 24.3% +/- 4.1%). Infusions of dibutyryl cAMP (0.1 and 1.0 mg/kg) stimulated mucociliary activity, with the maximum increase (20.1% +/- 3.0%, n = 13, p < .05) being observed at a dosage of 0.1 mg/kg. The infused substances increased mucociliary activity within 1 minute after the start of the infusion, the duration of the response being approximately 20 minutes for theophylline, 22 minutes for enprophylline, and 12 minutes for dibutyryl cAMP. The present results support the view that cAMP is involved in regulating mucociliary activity in the upper airways. It remains to be elucidated whether xanthines such as theophylline and enprophylline are beneficial in upper airway disease in which mucociliary function is impaired (eg, chronic sinusitis).


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Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Oto-rino-laryngologi
Sidor (från-till)388-393
TidskriftAnnals of Otology, Rhinology & Laryngology
StatusPublished - 1995
Peer review utfördJa