Cytogenetic and morphologic subgroups of myelodysplastic syndromes in relation to occupational and hobby exposures.

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title = "Cytogenetic and morphologic subgroups of myelodysplastic syndromes in relation to occupational and hobby exposures.",
abstract = "OBJECTIVES: This study investigated the association between occupational and hobby exposure and the risk of myelodysplastic syndromes (MDS) while focusing on differential patterns of clonal chromosome aberrations and morphologic subgroups. METHODS: A case-referent study was conducted with 330 MDS patients investigated cytogenetically in 1976-1993 (cases) and matched referents. Telephone interviews with either the person or a next-of-kin were used. The participation rate of the cases and referents was 85{\%} and 60{\%}, respectively. Information was obtained from the next-of-kin more often for the cases (88{\%}) than for the referents (26{\%}). Occupational hygienists assessed the exposure using interview data on worktasks and hobbies. Associations with disease risk were evaluated for 10 exposures with a logistic regression analysis. RESULTS: The investigated exposures were generally not associated with cytogenetically abnormal MDS. Effect estimates for specific cytogenetic or morphologic subgroups were generally imprecise. Occupational exposure to extremely low-frequency magnetic fields (EMF) was associated with MDS with a normal karyotype [odds ratio (OR) 2.0, 95{\%} confidence interval (95{\%} CI) 1.0-4.0]. The exposure-response association was consistent for intensity but inconclusive for duration. A decreased risk was observed for MDS, irrespective of karyotypic pattern, among farmers and farmhands (OR 0.53, 95{\%} CI 0.35-0.81). CONCLUSIONS: Cytogenetically abnormal MDS was generally not associated with occupational or hobby exposure to known or suspected genotoxic agents. However, exposure prevalences and intensities were low for several agents. An association was suggested between occupational exposure to EMF and MDS with a normal karyotype. Biases due to differential information quality and selective participation cannot be ruled out.",
author = "Maria Albin and Jonas Bj{\"o}rk and Hans Welinder and H{\aa}kan Tinnerberg and Nils Mauritzson and Rolf Billstr{\"o}m and Ulf Str{\"o}mberg and Zoli Mikoczy and Bertil Johansson and Tomas Ahlgren and Per-Gunnar Nilsson and Felix Mitelman and Lars Hagmar",
year = "2003",
language = "English",
volume = "29",
pages = "378--387",
journal = "Scandinavian Journal of Work, Environment and Health",
issn = "0355-3140",
publisher = "Finnish Institute of Occupational Health",
number = "5",