Depression, anxiety, and psychological defense in attempted suicide: A pilot study using PORT

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Depression, anxiety, and psychological defense in attempted suicide: A pilot study using PORT. / Titelman, David; Nilsson, Alf; Estari, Julia; Wasserman, Danuta.

I: Archives of Suicide Research, Vol. 8, Nr. 3, 2004, s. 239-249.

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Titelman, David ; Nilsson, Alf ; Estari, Julia ; Wasserman, Danuta. / Depression, anxiety, and psychological defense in attempted suicide: A pilot study using PORT. I: Archives of Suicide Research. 2004 ; Vol. 8, Nr. 3. s. 239-249.

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Depression, anxiety, and psychological defense in attempted suicide: A pilot study using PORT

AU - Titelman, David

AU - Nilsson, Alf

AU - Estari, Julia

AU - Wasserman, Danuta

PY - 2004

Y1 - 2004

N2 - Depressive affect, anxiety, and psychological defenses were studied in the presented research with PORT, a projective test that exploits subliminal perception of object-relation images. Protocols of 20 hospitalized suicide attempters were compared to those of 20 matched controls, 34 previously studied non-suicidal depressed patients, 18 patients with panic attac, and 32 patients with borderline and psychotic disorders. The suicide attempters were anxious; their defenses resembled those seen in borderline pathology; depressive reactions were limited in symbolic content; reality testing was poor. The closeness between depression and anxiety in suicidality is further discussed throughout this article. A con¬stella¬tion of signs using the PORT was hypothesized to be a marker for suicidality. The test is deemed useful for future research on suicide.

AB - Depressive affect, anxiety, and psychological defenses were studied in the presented research with PORT, a projective test that exploits subliminal perception of object-relation images. Protocols of 20 hospitalized suicide attempters were compared to those of 20 matched controls, 34 previously studied non-suicidal depressed patients, 18 patients with panic attac, and 32 patients with borderline and psychotic disorders. The suicide attempters were anxious; their defenses resembled those seen in borderline pathology; depressive reactions were limited in symbolic content; reality testing was poor. The closeness between depression and anxiety in suicidality is further discussed throughout this article. A con¬stella¬tion of signs using the PORT was hypothesized to be a marker for suicidality. The test is deemed useful for future research on suicide.

KW - projective tests

KW - attempted suicide

KW - depression

KW - anxiety

KW - psychoanalytic theory

U2 - 10.1080/13811110490436855

DO - 10.1080/13811110490436855

M3 - Article

VL - 8

SP - 239

EP - 249

JO - Archives of Suicide Research

JF - Archives of Suicide Research

SN - 1543-6136

IS - 3

ER -