Detection of angiotensin II in supernatants of stimulated mononuclear leukocytes by MALDI-TOF-TOF-mass spectrometric analysis

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Abstract

Angiotensin II ( Ang II) is the major vasoactive component of the renin- angiotensin system. Several components of the renin- angiotensin system have been demonstrated in different tissues. Whereas the roles of tissue and renal renin- angiotensin system have been studied in detail, much less is known on whether the corpuscular elements of circulating blood contribute to Ang II production. Here we examined whether, in addition to vasculature, blood cells also contribute to the circulating Ang II levels. Mononuclear leukocytes were obtained from healthy subjects and were incubated. The resulting supernatant was chromatographed using different chromatographic methods. The vasoconstrictive effects of aliquots of the resulting fractions were tested. Each fraction with a vasoconstrictive effect was analyzed by mass spectrometry. In one fraction with a strong vasoconstrictive effect, Ang II was identified. Mononuclear lymphocytes produced Ang II in amounts sufficient to stimulate Ang II type 1 receptors. Moreover, in mononuclear leukocytes, renin as well as angiotensin- converting enzyme mRNA expression was detectable by RT- PCR. These findings demonstrate that mononuclear leukocytes are a source of Ang II. Ang II secretion by these cells may play a significant role in humoral vascular regulation. In conclusion, the isolation of Ang II in supernatants of mononuclear leukocytes adds a further physiological source of Ang II to the current view of angiotensin metabolism. The quantitative role of lymphocyte- derived Ang II secretion compared with the other sources of Ang II should be defined further, but the release found under the present conditions is at least sufficient to elicit vasoconstrictive effects

Detaljer

Författare
  • V Jankowski
  • R Vanholder
  • M van der Giet
  • L Henning
  • M Tölle
  • G Schonfelder
  • A Krakow
  • S Karadogan
  • Niklas Gustavsson
  • J Gobom
  • J Webb
  • H Lehrach
  • G Giebing
  • H Schlüter
  • W Zidek
  • J Jankowski
  • KF Hilgers
Enheter & grupper
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Biologiska vetenskaper
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)591-597
TidskriftHypertension
Volym46
Utgivningsnummer3
StatusPublished - 2005
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa