Development and transformation of the third sector of R&D in Sweden, 1942-2017

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Development and transformation of the third sector of R&D in Sweden, 1942-2017. / Hallonsten, Olof.

I: Science and Public Policy, Vol. 45, Nr. 5, 10.2018, s. 634-644.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Development and transformation of the third sector of R&D in Sweden, 1942-2017

AU - Hallonsten, Olof

PY - 2018/10

Y1 - 2018/10

N2 - This article chronicles and analyzes the history of the third sector of R&D in Sweden, which corresponds to an organizational field of research institutes outside academia and private firms. Using secondary sources and governmental documentation, the chronicle begins with the forming of a number of industry-specific and industry-owned institutes in the 1940s and ends with today’s reformed and state-owned institute group called Research Institutes of Sweden (RISE). The analysis demonstrates the potential of theoretical tools from historical institutionalism in longitudinal analyses of research policy, by putting the spotlight on an organizational field that has developed in the shadow of major science policy decision-making, largely through processes of conversion and drift. The article identifies path dependence as a key feature of the national Swedish R&D system, and thus confirms, in the area of research policy, the historical-institutionalist postulation that organizational fields and societal sectors often transform gradually and incrementally, with preserved macro-level stability.

AB - This article chronicles and analyzes the history of the third sector of R&D in Sweden, which corresponds to an organizational field of research institutes outside academia and private firms. Using secondary sources and governmental documentation, the chronicle begins with the forming of a number of industry-specific and industry-owned institutes in the 1940s and ends with today’s reformed and state-owned institute group called Research Institutes of Sweden (RISE). The analysis demonstrates the potential of theoretical tools from historical institutionalism in longitudinal analyses of research policy, by putting the spotlight on an organizational field that has developed in the shadow of major science policy decision-making, largely through processes of conversion and drift. The article identifies path dependence as a key feature of the national Swedish R&D system, and thus confirms, in the area of research policy, the historical-institutionalist postulation that organizational fields and societal sectors often transform gradually and incrementally, with preserved macro-level stability.

KW - historical institutionalism

KW - path dependence

KW - research institutes

KW - Sweden

U2 - 10.1093/scipol/scx088

DO - 10.1093/scipol/scx088

M3 - Article

VL - 45

SP - 634

EP - 644

JO - Science and Public Policy

JF - Science and Public Policy

SN - 1471-5430

IS - 5

ER -