Differentiation between glioblastomas and brain metastases and regarding their primary site of malignancy using dynamic susceptibility contrast MRI at 3T

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Abstract

Background: Differentiation between glioblastoma and brain metastasis may be challenging in conventional contrast-enhanced MRI. Purpose: To investigate if perfusion-weighted MRI is able to differentiate glioblastoma from metastasis and, as a second aim was to see if it was possible in the latter group, to predict the primary site of neoplasm. Material and methods: Hundred and fourteen patients with newly discovered tumor lesion (76 metastases and 38 glioblastomas) underwent conventional contrast-enhanced MRI including dynamic susceptibility contrast perfusion sequence. The calculated relative cerebral blood volumes were analyzed in the solid tumor area, peritumoral area, area adjacent to peritumoral area, and normal appearing white matter in contralateral semioval center. The Student t-test was used to detect statistically significant differences in relative cerebral blood volume between glioblastomas and metastases in the aforementioned areas. Furthermore, the metastasis group was divided in four sub groups (lung-, breast-, melanoma-, and gastrointestinal origin) and using one-way ANOVA test. P-values < 0.05 were considered significant. Results: Relative cerebral blood volume (rCBV) in the peritumoral edema was significantly higher in glioblastomas than in metastases (mean 3.2 ± 1.4 and mean 0.9 ± 0.7), respectively, (P < 0.0001). No significant differences in the solid tumor area or the area adjacent to edema were found, (P = 0.28 and 0.21 respectively). There were no significant differences among metastases in the four groups. Conclusion: It is possible to differentiate glioblastomas from metastases by measuring the CBV in the peritumoral edema. It is not possible to differentiate between brain metastases from different primaries (lung-, breast-, melanoma or gastrointestinal) using CBV-measurements in the solid tumor area, peritumoral edema or area adjacent to edema.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Skåne University Hospital
  • Johns Hopkins University
  • University of Michigan
  • Lund University
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Cancer och onkologi
  • Radiologi och bildbehandling

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
TidskriftJournal of Neuroradiology
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 2018 okt 30
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa