Diffusion damping during adiabatic z-rotation pulses for NMR spectroscopy in inhomogeneous magnetic fields
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High-resolution nuclear magnetic resonance spectra from samples located in inhomogeneous static and radio frequency magnetic fields can be obtained by applying a train of z-rotation radio frequency pulses to repeatedly refocus the inhomogeneous broadening during signal detection. z-rotation pulses based on an adiabatic double passage are effective over wide bandwidths using a limited amount of radio frequency power at the expense of being time consuming and, consequently, sensitive to motion of the spin bearing molecules. The signal damping resulting from molecular self-diffusion during the pulse was studied experimentally and using Brownian dynamics simulations. The results show that the analytical expression for diffusion damping during a double spin echo is a reasonable approximation for the signal decay during an adiabatic z-rotation pulse. Methods to alleviate the effects of diffusion are discussed. (c) 2006 American Institute of Physics.