Diminishing effects of mechanical loading over time during rat Achilles tendon healing

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

Mechanical loading affects tendon healing and recovery. However, our understanding about how physical loading affects recovery of viscoelastic functions, collagen production and tissue organisation is limited. The objective of this study was to investigate how different magnitudes of loading affects biomechanical and collagen properties of healing Achilles tendons over time. Achilles tendon from female Sprague Dawley rats were cut transversely and divided into two groups; normal loading (control) and reduced loading by Botox (unloading). The rats were sacrificed at 1, 2- and 4-weeks post-injury and mechanical testing (creep test and load to failure), small angle x-ray scattering (SAXS) and histological analysis were performed. The effect of unloading was primarily seen at the early time points, with inferior mechanical and collagen properties (SAXS), and reduced histological maturation of the tissue in unloaded compared to loaded tendons. However, by 4 weeks no differences remained. SAXS and histology revealed heterogeneous tissue maturation with more mature tissue at the peripheral region compared to the center of the callus. Thus, mechanical loading advances Achilles tendon biomechanical and collagen properties earlier compared to unloaded tendons, and the spatial variation in tissue maturation and collagen organization across the callus suggests important regional (mechano-) biological activities that require more investigation.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Linköping University
  • University of Eastern Finland
  • Paul Scherrer Institute
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Ortopedi
  • Biomaterialvetenskap
Originalspråkengelska
Artikelnummere0236681
TidskriftPLoS ONE
Volym15
Utgåva nummer12 December
StatusPublished - 2020
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa