Direct cytoplasmic CA(2+) responses to gastrin-releasing peptide in single beta cells

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Abstract

The neuropeptide gastrin releasing peptide (GRP) stimulates insulin secretion and induces oscillations of the cytoplasmic Ca(2+) concentration ([Ca(2+)](cyt)) in clonal insulinoma cells. It is not known whether GRP affects [Ca(2+)](cyt) in normal beta cells. We investigated, in single, normal, mouse islet beta cells, the effects of GRP on [Ca(2+)](cyt), by dual wavelength spectrophotofluorometry. Beta cells were identified by their typical response to glucose or tolbutamide. At 15 mM glucose, GRP (100 nM) evoked an immediate [Ca(2+)](cyt) transient to 423 +/- 48 nM compared to 126 +/- 18 nM before GRP (P < 0.001). After the initial transient, [Ca(2+)](cyt) exhibited either a sustained elevation or oscillations. At 3.3 mM glucose, in cells with a non-oscillating [Ca(2+)](cyt), GRP stimulated a prompt increase in [Ca(2+)](cyt) (from 60 +/- 6 to 285 +/- 30 nM, P = 0.024) followed by either a sustained increase in [Ca(2+)](cyt) or [Ca(2+)](cyt) oscillations. We conclude that GRP promptly elevates [Ca(2+)](cyt) by a direct action in normal mouse pancreatic beta cells.

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Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Biologiska vetenskaper

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)610-614
TidskriftBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volym280
Utgivningsnummer3
StatusPublished - 2001
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa