Directional Negative Thermal Expansion and Large Poisson Ratio in CH 3 NH 3 PbI 3 Perovskite Revealed by Strong Coherent Shear Phonon Generation

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Abstract

Despite the enormous amount of attention CH 3 NH 3 PbI 3 has received, we are still lacking an in-depth understanding of its basic properties. In particular, the directional mechanical and structural characteristics of this material have remained elusive. Here, we investigate these properties by monitoring the propagation of longitudinal and shear phonons following the absorption of a femtosecond pulse along various crystalline directions of a CH 3 NH 3 PbI 3 single crystal. We first extract the sound velocities of longitudinal and transverse phonons along these directions of the crystal. Our study then reveals the negative directional thermal expansion of CH 3 NH 3 PbI 3 , which is responsible for strong coherent shear phonon generation. Finally, from these observations, we perform elastic characterization of this material, revealing a large directional Poisson's ratio, which reaches 0.7 and that we associate with the weak mechanical stability of this material. Our results also provide guidelines to fabricate a transducer of high-frequency transverse phonons.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Hong Kong Polytechnic University
  • Northwestern University
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Fysikalisk kemi
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)3161-3166
Antal sidor6
TidskriftJournal of Physical Chemistry Letters
Volym9
Utgåva nummer12
StatusPublished - 2018 jun 21
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa