Dissociated incretin response to oral glucose at 1 year after restrictive vs. malabsorptive bariatric surgery

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Abstract

Aim Compare the response to oral glucose of the two incretin hormones, glucose-dependent insulinotropic polypeptide (GIP) and glucagon-like peptide-1 (GLP-1) at 1 year after restrictive vs. malabsorptive bariatric surgery. Methods Vertical banded gastroplasty (VBG, n = 7) or jejunoileal bypass (JIB, n = 5) was performed in 12 women, aged 26-39 years, with severe obesity [body mass index (BMI) 46.6 +/- 2.3 kg/m2]. After 1 year, 75 g glucose was administered and plasma levels of glucose, insulin, GIP and GLP-1 were determined regularly during the following 2 h. Results At 1 year after operation, reduction in body weight, actual body weight, fasting glucose or insulin, or the glucose and insulin responses to oral glucose did not differ significantly between the groups. Similarly, fasting GIP and GLP-1 levels did not differ significantly between the groups. In contrast, the GIP and GLP-1 responses to oral glucose were different between the groups in a dissociated pattern. Thus, AUC(GIP) was significantly higher after VBG than after JIB (53 +/- 8 vs. 26 +/- 6 pmol/l/min, p = 0.003). In contrast, AUC(GLP-1) was significantly higher after JIB than after VBG (49 +/- 5 vs. 20 +/- 3 pmol/l/min, p = 0.007). Conclusions We conclude that at 1 year after bariatric surgery, the two incretins show dissociated responses in that the GIP secretion is higher after VBG whereas GLP-1 secretion is higher after JIB. This dissociated incretin response is independent from reduction in body weight, glucose tolerance or insulin secretion.

Detaljer

Författare
  • M. Guldstrand
  • Bo Ahrén
  • E. Naslund
  • J. J. Holst
  • U. Adamson
Enheter & grupper
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Endokrinologi och diabetes

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)1027-1033
TidskriftDiabetes, Obesity and Metabolism
Volym11
Utgivningsnummer11
StatusPublished - 2009
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa