Distinct global binding patterns of the Wilms' tumor gene 1 (WT1) -KTS and +KTS isoforms in leukemic cells

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T1 - Distinct global binding patterns of the Wilms' tumor gene 1 (WT1) -KTS and +KTS isoforms in leukemic cells

AU - Ullmark, Tove

AU - Järvstråt, Linnea

AU - Sanden, Carl

AU - Montano, Giorgia

AU - Jernmark-Nilsson, Helena

AU - Lilljebjörn, Henrik

AU - Lennartsson, Andreas

AU - Fioretos, Thoas

AU - Drott, Kristina

AU - Vidovic, Karina

AU - Nilsson, Björn

AU - Gullberg, Urban

N1 - Copyright © 2016, Ferrata Storti Foundation.

PY - 2017

Y1 - 2017

N2 - The zinc finger transcription factor Wilms' tumor gene 1 (WT1) acts as an oncogene in acute myeloid leukemia. A naturally occurring alternative splice event between zinc fingers three and four, removing or retaining three amino acids (+/-KTS), is believed to change the DNA binding affinity of WT1, although there are conflicting data regarding the binding affinity and motifs of the different isoforms. Increased expression of WT1 -KTS at the expense of WT1 +KTS isoform associates with poor prognosis in acute myeloid leukemia. We determined the genome-wide binding pattern of WT1 -KTS and WT1 +KTS in leukemic K562 cells by chromatin immunoprecipitation and deep sequencing (ChIP-seq). Motif discovery revealed distinct binding motifs for the isoforms, some of which have been previously reported as WT1 binding sites. We discovered that the WT1 -KTS isoform predominantly binds close to transcription start sites and to enhancers, in a similar fashion to other transcription factors, whereas WT1 +KTS binding is rather enriched within gene bodies. We observed a significant overlap between WT1 -KTS and WT1 +KTS target genes, despite the binding sites being distinct. Motif discovery revealed distinct binding motifs for the isoforms, some of which have been previously reported as WT1 binding sites. Additional analyses showed that both WT1 -KTS and WT1 +KTS target genes are more likely to be transcribed than non-targets, and are involved in cell proliferation, cell death, and development. Our study provides evidence that WT1 -KTS and WT1 +KTS share target genes yet still bind distinct locations, indicating isoform-specific regulation in transcription of genes related to cell proliferation and differentiation, consistent with involvement of WT1 in acute myeloid leukemia.

AB - The zinc finger transcription factor Wilms' tumor gene 1 (WT1) acts as an oncogene in acute myeloid leukemia. A naturally occurring alternative splice event between zinc fingers three and four, removing or retaining three amino acids (+/-KTS), is believed to change the DNA binding affinity of WT1, although there are conflicting data regarding the binding affinity and motifs of the different isoforms. Increased expression of WT1 -KTS at the expense of WT1 +KTS isoform associates with poor prognosis in acute myeloid leukemia. We determined the genome-wide binding pattern of WT1 -KTS and WT1 +KTS in leukemic K562 cells by chromatin immunoprecipitation and deep sequencing (ChIP-seq). Motif discovery revealed distinct binding motifs for the isoforms, some of which have been previously reported as WT1 binding sites. We discovered that the WT1 -KTS isoform predominantly binds close to transcription start sites and to enhancers, in a similar fashion to other transcription factors, whereas WT1 +KTS binding is rather enriched within gene bodies. We observed a significant overlap between WT1 -KTS and WT1 +KTS target genes, despite the binding sites being distinct. Motif discovery revealed distinct binding motifs for the isoforms, some of which have been previously reported as WT1 binding sites. Additional analyses showed that both WT1 -KTS and WT1 +KTS target genes are more likely to be transcribed than non-targets, and are involved in cell proliferation, cell death, and development. Our study provides evidence that WT1 -KTS and WT1 +KTS share target genes yet still bind distinct locations, indicating isoform-specific regulation in transcription of genes related to cell proliferation and differentiation, consistent with involvement of WT1 in acute myeloid leukemia.

U2 - 10.3324/haematol.2016.149815

DO - 10.3324/haematol.2016.149815

M3 - Article

VL - 102

SP - 336

EP - 345

JO - Haematologica-The Hematology Journal

T2 - Haematologica-The Hematology Journal

JF - Haematologica-The Hematology Journal

SN - 1592-8721

IS - 2

ER -