Distinct roles of PKC isoforms in NCAM-mediated neurite outgrowth

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The role of protein kinase C (PKC) isoforms in the neural cell adhesion molecule (NCAM)-mediated neurite outgrowth was tested using a co-culture system consisting of fibroblasts with or without NCAM expression upon which either primary cerebellar granular neurones (CGN) or pheochromocytoma (PC12-E2) cells were grown. The latter transiently expressed various PKC isoforms and domains derived from selected PKCs. PKC inhibitors of various specificity inhibited NCAM-stimulated neuritogenesis from CGN, indicating that PKC is involved in this process. Moreover, stimulation by the NCAM-mimetic peptide, C3d, elicited phosphorylation of PKC in CGN. Expression of kinase-deficient forms of PKCalpha, betaI and betaII blocked NCAM-mediated neurite extension, but had no effect on nerve growth factor (NGF)-mediated neurite outgrowth. Expression of two PKCepsilon constructs: (i) a fragment from PKCepsilon encompassing the pseudosubstrate, the C1a domain (including the actin-binding site, ABS), and parts of the V3 region, or (ii) the PKCepsilon-specific ABS blocked NCAM-mediated neurite extension in both cases. These two constructs also partially inhibited NGF-stimulated neuritogenesis indicating that PKCepsilon is a positive regulator of both NCAM- and NGF-mediated differentiation. We suggest that PKCepsilon is a common downstream mediator for several neuritogenic factors, whereas one or more conventional PKCs are specifically involved in NCAM-stimulated neurite outgrowth.


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Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Neurovetenskaper


Sidor (från-till)886-894
TidskriftJournal of Neurochemistry
Utgåva nummer4
StatusPublished - 2005
Peer review utfördJa