Do airway clearance mechanisms influence the local and systemic effects of inhaled corticosteroids?

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

The role of airway clearance in inhaled drug therapy is complex. Disease-induced bronchoconstriction results in a central drug-deposition pattern where mucociliary clearance is most efficient. When drug-induced bronchodilation is achieved, deposition and uptake becomes more peripheral, and because there is less mucociliary clearance in the periphery, this will lead to an unintentional increase in lung exposure and enhance the risk of systemic side effects. In addition, mucociliary clearance is pathologically reduced in both asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease. Among inhaled corticosteroids, rate of dissolution and lung uptake differs considerably. For the slowly dissolving, lipophilic steroids, the contribution of mucociliary clearance to these findings appears significant, and variability in lung and systemic exposure resulting from variable mucociliary function appears to be amplified. In addition, dose optimisation of non-stable asthma becomes more complex. The present review highlights the impact of mucociliary clearance on inhaled corticosteroid disposition and identifies critical areas where more research is needed.

Detaljer

Författare
  • S Edsbacker
  • Per Wollmer
  • O Selroos
  • L Borgstrom
  • Bo Olsson
  • J Ingelf
Enheter & grupper
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Radiologi och bildbehandling
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)247-258
TidskriftPulmonary Pharmacology & Therapeutics
Volym21
Utgivningsnummer2
StatusPublished - 2008
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa