Do pupil-based binocular video eye trackers reliably measure vergence?

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A binocular eye tracker needs to be accurate to enable the determination of vergence, distance to the binocular fixation point and fixation disparity. These measures are useful in e.g. the research fields of visual perception, binocular control in reading and attention in 3D. Are binocular pupil-based video eye trackers accurate enough to produce meaningful binocular measures? Recent research revealed potentially large idiosyncratic systematic errors due to pupil-size changes. With a top of the line eye tracker (SR Research EyeLink 1000 plus), we investigated whether the pupil-size artefact in the separate eyes may cause the eye tracker to report apparent vergence when the eyeballs do not rotate. Participants were asked to fixate a target at a distance of 77 cm for 160 s. We evoked pupil-size changes by varying the light intensity. With increasing pupil size, horizontal vergence reported by the eye tracker decreased in most subjects, up to two degrees. However, this was not due to a rotation of the eyeballs, as identified from the absence of systematic movement in the corneal reflection (CR) signals. From this, we conclude that binocular pupil-CR or pupil-only video eye trackers using the dark pupil technique are not accurate enough to be used to determine vergence, distance to the binocular fixation point and fixation disparity.


Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Utrecht University

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Psykologi (exklusive tillämpad psykologi)


Sidor (från-till)1-9
Antal sidor9
TidskriftVision Research
StatusPublished - 2019
Peer review utfördJa