Dogs can sense weak thermal radiation

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

The dog rhinarium (naked and often moist skin on the nose-tip) is prominent and richly innervated, suggesting a sensory function. Compared to nose-tips of herbivorous artio- and perissodactyla, carnivoran rhinaria are considerably colder. We hypothesized that this coldness makes the dog rhinarium particularly sensitive to radiating heat. We trained three dogs to distinguish between two distant objects based on radiating heat; the neutral object was about ambient temperature, the warm object was about the same surface temperature as a furry mammal. In addition, we employed functional magnetic resonance imaging on 13 awake dogs, comparing the responses to heat stimuli of about the same temperatures as in the behavioural experiment. The warm stimulus elicited increased neural response in the left somatosensory association cortex. Our results demonstrate a hitherto undiscovered sensory modality in a carnivoran species.

Detaljer

Författare
  • Anna Bálint
  • Attila Andics
  • Márta Gácsi
  • Anna Gábor
  • Kálmán Czeibert
  • Chelsey M. Luce
  • Ádám Miklósi
  • Ronald H.H. Kröger
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Eötvös Loránd University
  • Hungarian Academy of Sciences
  • University of Bremen
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Zoologi
  • Annan fysik
Originalspråkengelska
Artikelnummer3736
TidskriftScientific Reports
Volym10
Utgåva nummer1
StatusPublished - 2020
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa