Early depletion of contact system in patients with sepsis: a prospective matched control observational study

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Abstract

Activation of the contact system generates bradykinin from high-molecular-weight kininogen and has been suggested to participate in the pathophysiology of sepsis. To test this, we prospectively measured bradykinin and high-molecular-weight kininogen levels in a cohort of sepsis patients requiring intensive care. From 29 patients meeting criteria for sepsis or septic shock according to Sepsis-3, blood was sampled within 24 h and on the fourth day following admittance to intensive care. Patients planned for neurosurgery served as matched controls. Sequential organ failure assessment score and 90-day mortality was registered. Bradykinin levels (median [interquartile range]) were lower in sepsis patients (79 [62–172] pg/ml) compared to controls (130 [86–255] pg/ml, p < 0.025) and did not correlate with mortality or severity of circulatory derangement. High-molecular-weight kininogen levels were lower in sepsis patients (1.6 [0.8–4.8] densitometry units) compared to controls (4.4 [2.9–7.7] densitometry units, p < 0.001), suggesting previous contact system activation. High-molecular-weight kininogen levels were lower in non-survivors than survivors (p = 0.003) and negatively correlated to severity of circulatory derangement. We conclude that a role for bradykinin in later stages of severe sepsis must be challenged. Low high-molecular-weight kininogen concentrations suggest that the decrease in bradykinin is due to substrate depletion.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Skåne University Hospital
  • Karolinska Institute
  • Karolinska University Hospital
  • Lund University
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Infektionsmedicin

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)892-898
TidskriftAPMIS
StatusPublished - 2018
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa