Ecological-Level Associations Between Highly Processed Food Intakes and Plasma Phospholipid Elaidic Acid Concentrations: Results From a Cross-Sectional Study Within the European Prospective Investigation Into Cancer and Nutrition (EPIC)

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Abstract

Elaidic acid is the main unnatural trans fatty acid isomer occurring during partial hydrogenation of vegetable oils used as ingredients for the formulation of processed foods. The main objective is to assess associations between processed food intakes and plasma phospholipid elaidic acid concentrations within the European Prospective Investigation into Cancer and Nutrition study. A cross-sectional study was used to determine fatty acid profiles in 3,003 subjects from 16 centers. Single 24-h dietary recalls (24-HDR) were collected using a standardized computerized interview program. Food intakes were computed according to their degree of processing (moderately/nonprocessed foods, processed staple foods, highly processed foods). Adjusted ecological and individual correlations were calculated between processed food intakes and plasma elaidic acid levels. At the population level, mean intakes of highly processed foods were strongly correlated with mean levels of plasma elaidic acid in men (P = 0.0016) and in women (P = 0.0012). At the individual level, these associations remained but at a much lower level in men (r = 0.08, P = 0.006) and in women (r = 0.09, P = 0.0001). The use of an averaged 24-HDR measure of highly processed food intakes is adequate for predicting mean levels of plasma elaidic acid among European populations.

Detaljer

Författare
  • Veronique Chajes
  • Carine Biessy
  • Graham Byrnes
  • Genevieve Deharveng
  • Mitra Saadatian-Elahi
  • Mazda Jenab
  • Petra H. M. Peeters
  • Marga Ocke
  • H. Bas Bueno-de-Mesquita
  • Ingegerd Johansson
  • Goran Hallmans
  • Paula Jakszyn
  • Carlos A. Gonzalez
  • Jose-Maria Huerta
  • Carmen Martinez
  • Pilar Amiano
  • Laudina Rodriguez Suarez
  • Eva Ardanaz
  • Anne Tjonneland
  • Jytte Halkjaer
  • Kim Overvad
  • Marianne Uhre Jakobsen
  • Franco Berrino
  • Valeria Pala
  • Domenico Palli
  • Rosario Tumino
  • Paolo Vineis
  • Maria Santucci de Magistris
  • Elisabeth A. Spencer
  • Francesca L. Crowe
  • Sheila Bingham
  • Kay-Tee Khaw
  • Jakob Linseisen
  • Sabine Rohrmann
  • Heiner Boeing
  • Ute Noeethlings
  • Karina Standahl Olsen
  • Guri Skeie
  • Eiliv Lund
  • Antonia Trichopoulou
  • Dimosthenis Zilis
  • Erifili Oustoglou
  • Francoise Clavel-Chapelon
  • Elio Riboli
  • Nadia Slimani
Enheter & grupper
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Näringslära
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)1235-1250
TidskriftNutrition and Cancer
Volym63
Utgåva nummer8
StatusPublished - 2011
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa