Effect of Insulin‐Induced Hypoglycemia on the Concentrations of Glutamate and Related Amino Acids and Energy Metabolites in the Intact and Decorticated Rat Neostriatum

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Effect of Insulin‐Induced Hypoglycemia on the Concentrations of Glutamate and Related Amino Acids and Energy Metabolites in the Intact and Decorticated Rat Neostriatum. / Engelsen, Bernt; Westerberg, Eva; Fonnum, Frode; Wieloch, Tadeusz.

I: Journal of Neurochemistry, Vol. 47, Nr. 5, 01.01.1986, s. 1634-1641.

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T1 - Effect of Insulin‐Induced Hypoglycemia on the Concentrations of Glutamate and Related Amino Acids and Energy Metabolites in the Intact and Decorticated Rat Neostriatum

AU - Engelsen, Bernt

AU - Westerberg, Eva

AU - Fonnum, Frode

AU - Wieloch, Tadeusz

PY - 1986/1/1

Y1 - 1986/1/1

N2 - Abstract The glutamate (Glu) terminals in rat neostriatum were removed by a unilateral frontal decortication. One to two weeks later the effects of insulin‐induced hypoglycemia on the steady‐state levels of amino acids [Glu, glutamine (Gin), aspartate (Asp), γ‐aminobutyric acid (GABA), tau‐rine] and energy metabolites (glucose, glycogen, α‐ketoglu‐tarate, pyruvate, lactate, ATP, ADP, AMP, phosphocre‐atine) were examined in the intact and decorticated neostriatum from brains frozen in situ. The changes in the metabolite levels were examined during normoglycemia, hypoglycemia with burst‐suppression (BS) EEG, after 5 and 30 min of hypoglycemic coma with isoelectric EEG, and 1 h of recovery following 30 min of isoelectric EEG. In normoglycemia Glu decreased and Gin and glycogen increased significantly on the decorticated side. During the BS period no significant differences in the measured compounds were noted between the two sides. After 5 min of isoelectric EEG Glu, Gin, GABA, and ATP levels were significantly lower and Asp higher on the intact than on the decorticated side. No differences between the two sides were found after 30 min of isoelectric EEG. After 1 h of recovery from 30 min of isoelectric EEG Glu, Gin, and glycogen had not reached their control levels. Glu was significantly lower, and Gin and glycogen higher on the decorticated side. The Asp and GABA levels were not significantly different from control levels. The results indicate that the turnover of Glu is higher in the intact than in decorticated neostriatum during profound hypoglycemia.

AB - Abstract The glutamate (Glu) terminals in rat neostriatum were removed by a unilateral frontal decortication. One to two weeks later the effects of insulin‐induced hypoglycemia on the steady‐state levels of amino acids [Glu, glutamine (Gin), aspartate (Asp), γ‐aminobutyric acid (GABA), tau‐rine] and energy metabolites (glucose, glycogen, α‐ketoglu‐tarate, pyruvate, lactate, ATP, ADP, AMP, phosphocre‐atine) were examined in the intact and decorticated neostriatum from brains frozen in situ. The changes in the metabolite levels were examined during normoglycemia, hypoglycemia with burst‐suppression (BS) EEG, after 5 and 30 min of hypoglycemic coma with isoelectric EEG, and 1 h of recovery following 30 min of isoelectric EEG. In normoglycemia Glu decreased and Gin and glycogen increased significantly on the decorticated side. During the BS period no significant differences in the measured compounds were noted between the two sides. After 5 min of isoelectric EEG Glu, Gin, GABA, and ATP levels were significantly lower and Asp higher on the intact than on the decorticated side. No differences between the two sides were found after 30 min of isoelectric EEG. After 1 h of recovery from 30 min of isoelectric EEG Glu, Gin, and glycogen had not reached their control levels. Glu was significantly lower, and Gin and glycogen higher on the decorticated side. The Asp and GABA levels were not significantly different from control levels. The results indicate that the turnover of Glu is higher in the intact than in decorticated neostriatum during profound hypoglycemia.

KW - Energy metabolism

KW - Glutamate turnover

KW - Hypoglycemia

KW - Neostriatum

U2 - 10.1111/j.1471-4159.1986.tb00806.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1471-4159.1986.tb00806.x

M3 - Article

C2 - 2876060

AN - SCOPUS:0023008555

VL - 47

SP - 1634

EP - 1641

JO - Journal of Neurochemistry

JF - Journal of Neurochemistry

SN - 1471-4159

IS - 5

ER -