Effect of maturation on airway plasma exudation induced by eicosanoids in guinea pig

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Abstract

Airway reactivity to bronchoconstrictor mediators changes with age. We studied the effects of maturational change on airway responses induced by a thromboxane A2 mimetic, U-46619 (2, 6 and 20 nmol/kg; i.v.), leukotriene D4 (0.6 and 2 nmol/kg; i.v.) or vehicle (0.9% NaCl; i.v.) in immature (196 +/- 3 g: 2 weeks) and adult guinea pigs (512 +/- 5 g: 11 weeks). In the same animals, we measured both lung resistance (RL) to monitor airflow obstruction and extravasation of Evans Blue dye (20 mg/kg) to quantify airway plasma exudation. For a comparison, changes in RL in response to acetylcholine (5, 15 and 50 nmol/kg; i.v.) were also examined in both age groups. The order of potency to induce an increase in RL did not change with age (leukotriene D4 > U-46619 > acetylcholine). In immature animals, the peak RL after U-46619 (2, 6 and 20 nmol/kg; P < 0.05, P < 0.005 and P < 0.01, respectively) and leukotriene D4 (2 nmol/kg; P < 0.01) was significantly higher than in adult animals. U-46619 and leukotriene D4 produced significant extravasation of Evans Blue dye in both immature and adult animals. The order of potency to induce extravasated dye also did not change with age (leukotriene D4 > U-46619). The amount of extravasation of Evans Blue dye after U-46619 (6 and 20 nmol/kg) and leukotriene D4 (0.6 and 2 nmol/kg) was significantly smaller in immature animals than adults at all airway levels.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 250 WORDS)

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Farmakologi och toxikologi
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)251-257
TidskriftEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Volym259
Utgåva nummer3
StatusPublished - 1994
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa