Effective delivery of the anti-mycobacterial peptide NZX in mesoporous silica nanoparticles

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title = "Effective delivery of the anti-mycobacterial peptide NZX in mesoporous silica nanoparticles",
abstract = "Background Intracellular delivery of antimicrobial agents by nanoparticles, such as mesoporous silica particles (MSPs), offers an interesting strategy to treat intracellular infections. In tuberculosis (TB), Mycobacterium tuberculosis avoids components of the immune system by residing primarily inside alveolar macrophages, which are the desired target for TB therapy. Methods and findings We have previously identified a peptide, called NZX, capable of inhibiting both clinical and multi-drug resistant strains of M. tuberculosis at therapeutic concentrations. In this study we analysed the potential of MSPs containing NZX for the treatment of tuberculosis. The MSPs released functional NZX gradually into simulated lung fluid and the peptide filled MSPs were easily taken up by primary macrophages. In an intracellular infection model, the peptide containing particles showed increased mycobacterial killing compared to free peptide. The therapeutic potential of peptide containing MSPs was investigated in a murine infection model, showing that MSPs preserved the effect to eliminate M. tuberculosis in vivo. Conclusions In this study we found that loading the antimicrobial peptide NZX into MSPs increased the inhibition of intracellular mycobacteria in primary macrophages and preserved the ability to eliminate M. tuberculosis in vivo in a murine model. Our studies provide evidence for the feasibility of using MSPs for treatment of tuberculosis.",
author = "Erik Tenland and Alexander Pochert and Nitya Krishnan and Rao, {Komal Umashankar} and Sadaf Kalsum and Katharina Braun and Izabela Glegola-Madejska and Maria Lerm and Robertson, {Brian D.} and Mika Lind{\'e}n and Gabriela Godaly",
year = "2019",
month = feb,
day = "26",
doi = "10.1371/journal.pone.0212858",
language = "English",
volume = "14",
journal = "PLoS ONE",
issn = "1932-6203",
publisher = "Public Library of Science",
number = "2",