Effects of different pre-salting methods on protein aggregation during heavy salting of cod fillets

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Effects of different pre-salting methods on protein aggregation during heavy salting of cod fillets. / Thorarinsdottir, Kristin Anna; Arason, Sigurjon; Sigurgisladottir, Sjofn; Valsdottir, Thora; Tornberg, Eva.

I: Food Chemistry, Vol. 124, Nr. 1, 2011, s. 7-14.

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

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Thorarinsdottir, Kristin Anna ; Arason, Sigurjon ; Sigurgisladottir, Sjofn ; Valsdottir, Thora ; Tornberg, Eva. / Effects of different pre-salting methods on protein aggregation during heavy salting of cod fillets. I: Food Chemistry. 2011 ; Vol. 124, Nr. 1. s. 7-14.

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TY - JOUR

T1 - Effects of different pre-salting methods on protein aggregation during heavy salting of cod fillets

AU - Thorarinsdottir, Kristin Anna

AU - Arason, Sigurjon

AU - Sigurgisladottir, Sjofn

AU - Valsdottir, Thora

AU - Tornberg, Eva

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - The use of injection and brining as the first step in heavy salting of cod increases weight yields of the products through both salting and rehydration, compared to other pre-salting methods, like brining only and pickling. This is interesting since salt content of the muscle exceeds 20% NaCl, in all procedures. Therefore, the dissimilarities in yield were presumed to depend on the degree of protein denaturation and aggregation as influenced by the different salting procedures. This hypothesis was studied and confirmed with the aid of SDS-PAGE and DSC-analysis. Higher water retention of injected products was explained by stronger salting-in effects on proteins during pre-salting, reducing aggregation of muscle proteins during the dry salting step. The degree of protein aggregation during salting increased in the following order with regard to the different pre-salting methods: injection and brining < brining < pickling. These effects were still observed after rehydration. Furthermore, differences in denaturation/aggregation were assigned to both myosin and collagen. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

AB - The use of injection and brining as the first step in heavy salting of cod increases weight yields of the products through both salting and rehydration, compared to other pre-salting methods, like brining only and pickling. This is interesting since salt content of the muscle exceeds 20% NaCl, in all procedures. Therefore, the dissimilarities in yield were presumed to depend on the degree of protein denaturation and aggregation as influenced by the different salting procedures. This hypothesis was studied and confirmed with the aid of SDS-PAGE and DSC-analysis. Higher water retention of injected products was explained by stronger salting-in effects on proteins during pre-salting, reducing aggregation of muscle proteins during the dry salting step. The degree of protein aggregation during salting increased in the following order with regard to the different pre-salting methods: injection and brining < brining < pickling. These effects were still observed after rehydration. Furthermore, differences in denaturation/aggregation were assigned to both myosin and collagen. (C) 2010 Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.

KW - Collagen

KW - Aggregation

KW - Denaturation

KW - Protein

KW - Salting

KW - Cod

KW - Myosin

U2 - 10.1016/j.foodchem.2010.05.095

DO - 10.1016/j.foodchem.2010.05.095

M3 - Article

VL - 124

SP - 7

EP - 14

JO - Food Chemistry

JF - Food Chemistry

SN - 1873-7072

IS - 1

ER -