Effects of ethanol intake on lipoprotein lipase activity in adipose tissue of fasting subjects

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Ethanol (ca. 1 g/kg body weight) was given alone or together with glucose or lipid (mixed triglycerides) perorally to young, fasting subjects. The changes with time (0-6 hr) of lipoprotein lipase activity (LLA) in adipose tissue, plasma glycerol, triglyceride, insulin, blood glucose, and alcohol concentrations were followed. A maximal mean blood alcohol concentration of 0.09% (w/v) was obtained 1 hr after ingestion with no apparent intoxicating effects. Ethanol intake prevented the previously observed [Nilsson-Ehle, P., S. Carlstrom, and P. Belfrage, Scand, J. Clin. Lab. Invest. 35:373 (1975)] glucose-induced rapid elevation of adipose tissue LLA but had small effects on this enzymatic activity when given alone or together with lipid. Confirming results by others, ethanol intake decreased plasma glycerol concentration and increased plasma triglycerides, especially after intake of lipid. It is suggested that ethanol intake interferes with the normal carbohydrate-induced elevation of adipose tissue LLA after a mixed meal, thereby decreasing the removal capacity for circulating dietary lipid and causing enhanced and prolonged alimentary hyperlipemia.


Enheter & grupper

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Läkemedelskemi
  • Farmakologi och toxikologi
Sidor (från-till)433-437
Utgåva nummer6
StatusPublished - 1978
Peer review utfördJa