Effects of growth and aging on the reference values of pulmonary nitric oxide dynamics in healthy subjects

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

The lung just like all other organs is affected by age. The lung matures by the age of 20 and age-related changes start around middle age, at 40-50 years. Exhaled nitric oxide (FENO) has been shown to be age, height and gender dependent. We hypothesize that the nitric oxide (NO) parameters alveolar NO (CANO), airway flux (JawNO), airway diffusing capacity (DawNO) and airway wall content (CawNO) will also demonstrate this dependence. Data from healthy subjects were gathered by the current authors from their earlier publications in which healthy individuals were included as control subjects. Healthy subjects (n = 433) ranged in age from 7 to 78 years. Age-stratified reference values of the NO parameters were significantly different. Gender differences were only observed in the 20-49 age group. The results from the multiple regression models in subjects older than 20 years revealed that age, height and gender interaction together explained 6% of variation in FENO at 50 ml s-1 (FENO50), 4% in JawNO, 16% in CawNO, 8% in DawNO and 12% in CANO. In conclusion, in this study we have generated reference values for NO parameters from an extended NO analysis of healthy subjects. This is important in order to be able to use these parameters in clinical practice.

Detaljer

Författare
  • M. Högman
  • A. Thornadtsson
  • P. Liv
  • T. Hua-Huy
  • A. T. Dinh-Xuan
  • E. Tufvesson
  • H. Dressel
  • C. Janson
  • K. Koskela
  • P. Oksa
  • R. Sauni
  • J. Uitti
  • E. Moilanen
  • L. Lehtimäki
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Uppsala universitet
  • Paris Descartes University
  • University of Zurich
  • Finnish Institute of Occupational Health
  • University of Tampere
  • Tampere University Hospital
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Gerontologi, medicinsk/hälsovetenskaplig inriktning
  • Lungmedicin och allergi

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
Artikelnummer047103
TidskriftJournal of Breath Research
Volym11
Utgåva nummer4
StatusPublished - 2017
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa