Effects of substance P, neurokinin A and calcitonin gene-related peptide in human skin and their involvement in sensory mediated responses.

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The effects evoked by intradermal injections of substance P (SP), neurokinin A (NKA) or calcitonin gene-related peptide (CGRP) were studied in 51 non-atopic subjects. SP and NKA produced flare and weal, and CGRP produced an indurated erythema. The reactions to SP were strong, the flare being maximal 3–5 min after injection and the weal after 10–15 min. NKA evoked a much weaker flare and a slightly weaker weal than did SP. CGRP produced a prominent long-lasting, indurated erythema with pseudopodia surrounded by a pallor edge. The mode of action of the three peptides was studied by pretreatment of the skin with the histamine-releasing compound 48/80, the H1-antagonist mepyramine or the local anesthetic xylocaine. The results suggest that mast-cell histamine and an intact sensory nerve supply are essential for the flare response to both SP and NKA. The weal response to SP was somewhat reduced by pretreatment with either 48/80 or xylocaine. The weal response to NKA, however, did not seem to depend upon either mast cells or sensory nerve fibres. The erythema evoked by CGRP was not suppressed by pretreatment with xylocaine, compound 48/80 or mepyramine, suggesting a direct action of CGRP on the blood vessels. The interaction between SP and CGRP was studied in subjects receiving a low dose of CGRP and increasing doses of SP or a low dose of SP and increasing doses of CGRP. CGRP did not potentiate the SP-evoked flare and weal and SP did not seem to enhance the response to CGRP.


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Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Dermatologi och venereologi
Sidor (från-till)267-273
TidskriftEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Utgåva nummer2
StatusPublished - 1987
Peer review utfördJa