Energy availability from livestock and agricultural productivity in Europe, 1815-1913: a new comparison

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Standard

Energy availability from livestock and agricultural productivity in Europe, 1815-1913: a new comparison. / Kander, Astrid; Warde, Paul.

I: Economic History Review, Vol. 64, Nr. 1, 2011, s. 1-29.

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Harvard

APA

CBE

MLA

Vancouver

Author

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Energy availability from livestock and agricultural productivity in Europe, 1815-1913: a new comparison

AU - Kander, Astrid

AU - Warde, Paul

PY - 2011

Y1 - 2011

N2 - This article explores the proposition that a reason for high agricultural productivity in the early nineteenth century was relatively high energy availability from draught animals. The article is based on the collection of extensive new data indicating different trends in draught power availability and the efficiency of its use in different countries of Europe. This article shows that the proposition does not hold, and demonstrates that, although towards the end of the nineteenth century England had relatively high numbers of draught animals per agricultural worker, it also had low number of workers and animals per hectare, indicating the high efficiency of muscle power, rather than an abundance of such power.The higher efficiency was related to a specialization on less labour-intensive farming and a preference for horses over oxen.

AB - This article explores the proposition that a reason for high agricultural productivity in the early nineteenth century was relatively high energy availability from draught animals. The article is based on the collection of extensive new data indicating different trends in draught power availability and the efficiency of its use in different countries of Europe. This article shows that the proposition does not hold, and demonstrates that, although towards the end of the nineteenth century England had relatively high numbers of draught animals per agricultural worker, it also had low number of workers and animals per hectare, indicating the high efficiency of muscle power, rather than an abundance of such power.The higher efficiency was related to a specialization on less labour-intensive farming and a preference for horses over oxen.

KW - draught animals

KW - horses

KW - oxen

KW - land productivity

KW - England

KW - labour productivity

KW - energy

U2 - 10.1111/j.1468-0289.2009.00526.x

DO - 10.1111/j.1468-0289.2009.00526.x

M3 - Article

VL - 64

SP - 1

EP - 29

JO - Economic History Review

JF - Economic History Review

SN - 1468-0289

IS - 1

ER -