Enzymes catalyzing the hydrolysis of long-chain monoacyglycerols in rat adipose tissue

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Abstract

Acetone-ether preparations of epididymal fat pads from fasted or fed rats contained two enzymes catalyzing the hydrolysis of long-chain monoacylglycerols. The enzymes were identified as monoacylglycerol lipase (Tornqvist, H. and Belfrage, P., (1976) J. Biol Chem. 251, 813--819) and lipoprotein lipase by their apparent pI values after electrofocusing in non-ionic detergent, selective inhibition properties, substrate specificity and positional specificity. It was estimated that monoacylglycerol lipase accounted for about 90% of the total monoacylglycerol-hydrolyzing activity in acetone-ether preparations from fasted and 70% from fed rats. Its enzyme activity did not change with the nutritional state in contrast to that of lipoprotein lipase. The latter enzyme hydrolyzed 2-monoacylglycerols at a much lower rate than the 1(3)-isomers. Monoacylglycerol lipase was located almost entirely in the adipocytes, thus most of the enzyme activity towards monoacylglycerols in the adipose tissue was found in this site. Fractionated sucrose homogenates of rat epididymal fat pads also contained a third enzyme with monoacylglycerol-hydrolyzing activity, identified as hormone-sensitive lipase by its pI, selective inhibition properties and substrate specificity. It was estimated that hormone-sensitive lipase accounted for less than 20% of the total activity against monoacylglycerols in these tissue preparations from fasted rats. Over-all quantitative estimations emphasized the dominant role of monoacylglycerol lipase over the other two enzymes in the hydrolysis of monoacylglycerols.

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Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Biologiska vetenskaper
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)474-486
TidskriftBiochimica et biophysica acta
Volym530
Utgåva nummer3
StatusPublished - 1978
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa