Epoxidation of olefins with molecular oxygen as the oxidant using gold catalysts supported on polyoxometalates

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Abstract

4 We report a highly efficient green process for the epoxidation of various olefins using polyoxometalate-supported gold nanoparticles as catalysts and using oxygen as the terminal oxidant. The nanoparticles were prepared through thermal reduction of Au(III) and were characterised by TEM and XPS. The elemental composition of the catalyst was also determined using ICP. The results show that higher calcination temperatures give a higher degree of reduction, but also result in some sintering of the particles. The catalytic epoxidation reaction may be carried out with or without a solvent and with air or molecular oxygen as the stoichiometric oxidant and using t-butyl hydroperoxide as an initiator. The method shows consistently high conversions and >90% selectivity to epoxide formation for norbornene and cyclooctene oxidation. The catalysts show little deactivation with time and are easily recovered by filtration and can be reused with little or no loss in activity and selectivity.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Kemi
  • Atom- och molekylfysik och optik
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)1586-1593
TidskriftGreen Chemistry
Volym16
Utgåva nummer3
StatusPublished - 2014
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa