Evaluation of straw as a biofilm carrier in the methanogenic stage of two-stage anaerobic digestion of crop residues

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Bibtex

@article{116117ee40024cefa280df38c4aef2d4,
title = "Evaluation of straw as a biofilm carrier in the methanogenic stage of two-stage anaerobic digestion of crop residues",
abstract = "Straw was evaluated as a biofilm carrier in the methanogenic stage of the two-stage anaerobic digestion of crop residues. Three reactor configurations were studied, a straw-packed-bed reactor, a glass packed-bed reactor and a reactor containing suspended plastic carriers. The reactor with the packed straw bed showed the best results. It had the highest methane production, 5.4 11(-1) d(-1), and the chemical oxygen demand (COD) removal ranged from 73-50{\%} at organic loading rates from 2.4-25 g COD 1(-1) d(-1). The degradation pattern of volatile fatty acids showed that the degradation of propionate and longer-chain fatty acids was limiting at higher organic loading rates. A stable effluent pH showed that the packed-bed reactors had good ability to withstand the variations in load and volatile fatty acid concentrations that can occur in the two-stage process. The conclusion is that straw would work very well in the intended application. A further benefit is that straw is a common agricultural waste product and requires only limited resources concerning handling and cost. (C) 2002 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.",
keywords = "biogas, two-stage anaerobic digestion, biofilm, crop residues, straw",
author = "Jonatan Andersson and Lovisa Bj{\"o}rnsson",
year = "2002",
doi = "10.1016/S0960-8524(02)00071-8",
language = "English",
volume = "85",
pages = "51--56",
journal = "Bioresource Technology",
issn = "0960-8524",
publisher = "Elsevier",
number = "1",

}