Exact algorithms for exact satisfiability and number of perfect matchings

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Abstract

We present exact algorithms with exponential running times for variants of n-element set cover problems, based on divide-and-conquer and on inclusion exclusion characterizations. We show that the Exact Satisfiability problem of size l with m clauses can be solved in time 2(m)l(O(1)) and polynomial space. The same bounds hold for counting the number of solutions. As a special case, we can count the number of perfect matchings in an n-vertex graph in time 2(n)n(O(1)) and polynomial space. We also show how to count the number of perfect matchings in time O(1.732(n)) and exponential space. We give a number of examples where the running time can be further improved if the hypergraph corresponding to the set cover instance has low pathwidth. This yields exponential-time algorithms for counting k-dimensional matchings, Exact Uniform Set Cover, Clique Partition, and Minimum Dominating Set in graphs of degree at most three. We extend the analysis to a number of related problems such as TSP and Chromatic Number.

Detaljer

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Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Datavetenskap (datalogi)

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)226-249
TidskriftAlgorithmica
Volym52
Utgivningsnummer2
StatusPublished - 2008
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa