Excessive HDAC activation is critical for neurodegeneration in the rd1 mouse

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

Inherited retinal degenerations, collectively termed retinitis pigmentosa (RP), constitute one of the leading causes of blindness in the developed world. RP is at present untreatable and the underlying neurodegenerative mechanisms are unknown, even though the genetic causes are often established. Acetylation and deacetylation of histones, carried out by histone acetyltransferases (HATs) and histone deacetylases (HDACs), respectively, affects cellular division, differentiation, death and survival. We found acetylation of histones and probably other proteins to be dramatically reduced in degenerating photoreceptors in the rd1 human homologous mouse model for RP. Using a custom developed in situ HDAC activity assay, we show that overactivation of HDAC classes I/II temporally precedes photoreceptor degeneration. Moreover, pharmacological inhibition of HDACs I/II activity in rd1 organotypic retinal explants decreased activity of poly-ADP-ribose-polymerase and strongly reduced photoreceptor cell death. These findings highlight the importance of protein acetylation for photoreceptor cell death and survival and propose certain HDAC classes as novel targets for the pharmacological intervention in RP. Cell Death and Disease (2010) 1, e24; doi:10.1038/cddis.2010.4; published online 11 February 2010

Detaljer

Författare
  • J. Sancho-Pelluz
  • Marcel Alavi
  • A. Sahaboglu
  • S. Kustermann
  • Pietro Farinelli
  • S. Azadi
  • Theo van Veen
  • F. J. Romero
  • F. Paquet-Durand
  • Per Ekström
Enheter & grupper
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Cell- och molekylärbiologi

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
TidskriftCell Death & Disease
Volym1
StatusPublished - 2010
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa