Exposure to Workplace Bullying and Risk of Depression

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title = "Exposure to Workplace Bullying and Risk of Depression",
abstract = "OBJECTIVE: We examined the prospective association between self-labeled and witness-reported bullying and the risk of newly onset of depression. METHODS: Employees were recruited from two cohorts of 3196 and 2002 employees, respectively. Participants received a questionnaire at baseline in 2006 to 2007 with follow-up in 2008 to 2009 and 2011. New cases of depression were diagnosed in the follow-up using Schedules for Clinical Assessment in Neuropsychiatry interviews and the Major Depression Inventory questionnaire. RESULTS: We identified 147 new cases of depression. The odds ratio for newly onset depression among participants reporting bullying occasionally was 2.17 (95{\%} confidence interval [CI]: 1.11 to 4.23) and among frequently bullied 9.63 (95{\%} CI: 3.42 to 27.1). There was no association between percentage witnessing bullying and newly onset depression. CONCLUSIONS: Frequent self-labeled bullying predicts development of depression but a work environment with high proportion of employees witnessing bullying does not.",
author = "Maria Gullander and Annie Hogh and Hansen, {Ase Marie} and Roger Persson and Reiner Rugulies and Kolstad, {Henrik Albert} and Thomsen, {Jane Fr{\o}lund} and Willert, {Morten Veis} and Matias Grynderup and Ole Mors and Bonde, {Jens Peter}",
year = "2014",
doi = "10.1097/JOM.0000000000000339",
language = "English",
volume = "56",
pages = "1258--1265",
journal = "Journal of Occupational and Environmental Medicine",
issn = "1536-5948",
publisher = "Lippincott Williams & Wilkins",
number = "12",