Extracellular and intracellular calcium sources mediating contractile responses of smooth muscle in bovine ovarian follicle and ovarian artery

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

The relative importance of extracellular and intracellular calcium sources mediating smooth muscle contraction in ovarian follicle and ovarian artery was assessed in experiments on the influence of nifedipine, D-600, amrinone, diethylstilbestrol (DES), lanthanum and/or calcium removal on contractions induced by K+ depolarization, by noradrenaline, histamine and acetylcholine. The K+-induced response was biphasic in the ovarian artery but not in the ovarian follicle. The K+-induced contraction in both preparations was greatly inhibited by nifedipine (1 μM), D-600 (10 μM) and lanthanum (2 mM). Although both phases of the responses in the ovarian artery appeared to be completely dependent on extracellular calcium, phase I was significantly more sensitive to nifedipine than phase II. Incubation in calcium-free medium for 15 min almost abolished the K+-induced contraction. Noradrenaline- and histamine-induced contractions of ovarian follicle were essentially unaffected by nifedipine (1 μM) and D-600 (10 μM) whereas the noradrenaline-induced contraction in ovarian artery was inhibited significantly by D-600 (1 and 10 μM) but not nifedipine (1 μM). In calcium-free medium containing EGTA (1 mM) the responses of ovarian follicle to noradrenaline and histamine were reduced by 26 and 22% respectively. When preparations were stimulated with noradrenaline more than one in calcium-free medium, the contraction decreased progressively compared to time-matched controls. The response was 34% of the control after 50 min in calcium-free medium containing EGTA. In the ovarian artery the response obtained (6% of control) was significantly smaller (P < 0.05) than that in the follicle. Amrinone (100 μM) inhibited both noradrenaline- and K+-induced contractions to a similar degree (about 40%) in the follicle wall. The results indicate that agonist-induced responses of ovarian follicle and artery are mediated by the release of calcium from intracellular stores in addition to influx of extracellular calcium. In contrast, the K+-induced contraction seems to be totally dependent on extracellular calcium. The difference in sensitivity to nifedipine of the two phases of the K+ response in ovarian artery strongly suggests the presence of two different types of K+-activated calcium channels in this smooth muscle.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Reproduktionsmedicin och gynekologi

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)299-308
TidskriftEuropean Journal of Pharmacology
Volym144
Utgåva nummer3
StatusPublished - 1987 dec 15
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa