Factors governing human fear of brown bear and wolf

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Factors governing human fear of brown bear and wolf. / Johansson, Maria; Karlsson, Jens; Pedersen, Eja; Flykt, Anders.

I: Human Dimensions of Wildlife, Vol. 17, Nr. 1, 2012, s. 58-74.

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Johansson, Maria ; Karlsson, Jens ; Pedersen, Eja ; Flykt, Anders. / Factors governing human fear of brown bear and wolf. I: Human Dimensions of Wildlife. 2012 ; Vol. 17, Nr. 1. s. 58-74.

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Factors governing human fear of brown bear and wolf

AU - Johansson, Maria

AU - Karlsson, Jens

AU - Pedersen, Eja

AU - Flykt, Anders

PY - 2012

Y1 - 2012

N2 - This article analyzes people's subjectively experienced fear in areas with presence of brown bear or wolf. Departing from the Human-Environment Interaction Model (Küller, R. 1991) a hypothetical model of environmental and individual antecedents of fear was tested using structural equation modeling of survey data (n = 391). In the model of fear of brown bear, the main predictor was the appraisal of the species as dangerous/uncontrollable and unpredictable. In the model of fear of wolf, the greater experience with the species and a stronger appraisal of wolf as dangerous, uncontrollable, and unpredictable led to low social trust and this, together with the appraisal of wolf as dangerous/uncontrollable and unpredictable, increased the likelihood of fear. Efforts to reduce human fear of wolves should focus on building trust between the public and authorities, whereas efforts to reduce fear of brown bear should focus on the individual's appraisal of the species.

AB - This article analyzes people's subjectively experienced fear in areas with presence of brown bear or wolf. Departing from the Human-Environment Interaction Model (Küller, R. 1991) a hypothetical model of environmental and individual antecedents of fear was tested using structural equation modeling of survey data (n = 391). In the model of fear of brown bear, the main predictor was the appraisal of the species as dangerous/uncontrollable and unpredictable. In the model of fear of wolf, the greater experience with the species and a stronger appraisal of wolf as dangerous, uncontrollable, and unpredictable led to low social trust and this, together with the appraisal of wolf as dangerous/uncontrollable and unpredictable, increased the likelihood of fear. Efforts to reduce human fear of wolves should focus on building trust between the public and authorities, whereas efforts to reduce fear of brown bear should focus on the individual's appraisal of the species.

KW - subjectively experienced fear

KW - brown bear

KW - wolf

KW - cognitive vulnerability model

KW - social trust

KW - structural equation modeling

M3 - Article

VL - 17

SP - 58

EP - 74

JO - Human Dimensions of Wildlife

JF - Human Dimensions of Wildlife

SN - 1533-158X

IS - 1

ER -