Family counts: deciding when to murder among the Icelandic Vikings

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

In small scale societies, lethal attacks on another individual usually invite revenge by the victim's family. We might expect those who perpetrate such attacks to do so only when their own support network (mainly family) is larger than that of the potential victim so as to minimise the risk of retaliation. Using data from Icelandic family sagas, we show that this prediction holds whether we consider biological kin or affinal kin (in-laws): on average, killers had twice as many relatives as their victims. These findings reinforce the importance of kin as a source of implicit protection even when they are not physically present. The results also support Hughes' (1988) claim that affines are biological kin because of the shared genetic interests they have in the offspring generation.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • University of Oxford
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Tillämpad psykologi
  • Socialantropologi

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)175-180
Antal sidor6
TidskriftEvolution and Human Behavior
Volym38
Utgivningsnummer1
Tidigt onlinedatum2016 sep 20
StatusPublished - 2017 mar
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa