Fluorescence polarization as an analytical tool to evaluate galectin-ligand interactions.

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Galectins are a family of β-galactose binding lectins associated with functions such as immunological and malignant events. To study the binding affinity of galectins for natural and artificial saccharides and glycoconjugates we have developed an assay using fluorescence polarization. A collection of fluorescein-conjugated saccharides was synthesized and used as probes with galectins-1 and -3 and the two carbohydrate recognition domains of galectin-4. Direct binding of a fixed probe amount with different amounts of each galectin defined specificity and selectivity and permitted selection of the optimal probe for inhibition studies. Then fixed amounts of galectin and selected probe were used to screen the inhibitory potency of a library of nonfluorescent compounds. As the assay is in solution and does not require separation of free and bound probe, it is simple and rapid and can easily be applied to different unlabeled galectins. As all interaction components are known, Kd values for galectin–inhibitor interaction can be directly calculated without approximation other than the assumption of a simple one-site competition.


Enheter & grupper

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Immunologi inom det medicinska området
  • Mikrobiologi inom det medicinska området
Sidor (från-till)36-47
TidskriftAnalytical Biochemistry
Utgåva nummer1
StatusPublished - 2004
Peer review utfördJa