Forests: the cross-linguistic perspective

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

Do all humans perceive, think and talk about tree cover (‘forests’) in more or less the same way? International forestry programs frequently seem to operate on the assumption that they do. However, recent advances in the language sciences show that languages vary greatly as to how the landscape domain is lexicalized and grammaticalized. Different languages segment and label the large-scale environment and its features according to astonishingly different semantic principles, often in tandem with highly culture-specific practices and ideologies. Presumed basic concepts like mountain, valley and river cannot in fact be straightforwardly translated across languages. In this paper we describe, compare and evaluate some of the semantic diversity observed in relation to forests. We do so on the basis of first-hand linguistic field data from a global sample of indigenous categorization systems as they are manifested in the following languages: Avatime (Ghana), Duna (Papua New Guinea), Jahai (Malay Peninsula), Lokono (the Guianas), Makalero (East Timor), and Umpila/Kuuku Ya’u (Cape York Peninsula). We show that basic linguistic categories relating to tree cover vary considerably in their principles of semantic encoding across languages, and that forest is a challenging category from the point of view of inter-cultural translatability. This has consequences for current global policies and programs aimed at standardizing forest definitions and measurements. It calls for greater attention to categorial diversity in designing and implementing such agendas, and for receptiveness to and understanding of local indigenous classification systems in communicating those agendas on the ground.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • University of Sydney
  • University of Regensburg
  • Radboud University Nijmegen
  • University of California, Berkeley
  • Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Jämförande språkvetenskap och lingvistik
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)455-464
TidskriftGeographica Helvetica
Volym72
StatusPublished - 2017 dec 14
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa
EvenemangThe trouble with defining forests - Hof de Planis, Stels, Schweiz
Varaktighet: 2016 jun 212016 jun 23

Nedladdningar

Ingen tillgänglig data

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