Formal Subdivision of the Holocene Series/Epoch: A Summary

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Formal Subdivision of the Holocene Series/Epoch : A Summary. / Walker, Mike; Gibbard, Phil; Head, Martin J.; Berkelhammer, Max; Björck, Svante; Cheng, Hai; Cwynar, Les C.; Fisher, David; Gkinis, Vasilios; Long, Antony; Lowe, John; Newnham, Rewi; Rasmussen, Sune Olander; Weiss, Harvey.

I: Journal of the Geological Society of India, Vol. 93, Nr. 2, 2019, s. 135-141.

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Harvard

Walker, M, Gibbard, P, Head, MJ, Berkelhammer, M, Björck, S, Cheng, H, Cwynar, LC, Fisher, D, Gkinis, V, Long, A, Lowe, J, Newnham, R, Rasmussen, SO & Weiss, H 2019, 'Formal Subdivision of the Holocene Series/Epoch: A Summary', Journal of the Geological Society of India, vol. 93, nr. 2, s. 135-141. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12594-019-1141-9

APA

Walker, M., Gibbard, P., Head, M. J., Berkelhammer, M., Björck, S., Cheng, H., ... Weiss, H. (2019). Formal Subdivision of the Holocene Series/Epoch: A Summary. Journal of the Geological Society of India, 93(2), 135-141. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12594-019-1141-9

CBE

Walker M, Gibbard P, Head MJ, Berkelhammer M, Björck S, Cheng H, Cwynar LC, Fisher D, Gkinis V, Long A, Lowe J, Newnham R, Rasmussen SO, Weiss H. 2019. Formal Subdivision of the Holocene Series/Epoch: A Summary. Journal of the Geological Society of India. 93(2):135-141. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12594-019-1141-9

MLA

Vancouver

Author

Walker, Mike ; Gibbard, Phil ; Head, Martin J. ; Berkelhammer, Max ; Björck, Svante ; Cheng, Hai ; Cwynar, Les C. ; Fisher, David ; Gkinis, Vasilios ; Long, Antony ; Lowe, John ; Newnham, Rewi ; Rasmussen, Sune Olander ; Weiss, Harvey. / Formal Subdivision of the Holocene Series/Epoch : A Summary. I: Journal of the Geological Society of India. 2019 ; Vol. 93, Nr. 2. s. 135-141.

RIS

TY - JOUR

T1 - Formal Subdivision of the Holocene Series/Epoch

T2 - Journal of the Geological Society of India

AU - Walker, Mike

AU - Gibbard, Phil

AU - Head, Martin J.

AU - Berkelhammer, Max

AU - Björck, Svante

AU - Cheng, Hai

AU - Cwynar, Les C.

AU - Fisher, David

AU - Gkinis, Vasilios

AU - Long, Antony

AU - Lowe, John

AU - Newnham, Rewi

AU - Rasmussen, Sune Olander

AU - Weiss, Harvey

PY - 2019

Y1 - 2019

N2 - The Holocene Series/Epoch is the most recent series/epoch in the geological timescale, spanning the interval from 11,700 yr to the present day. Together with the subadjacent Pleistocene, it comprises the Quaternary System/Period. The Holocene record contains diverse geomorphological, biological, climatological and archaeological evidence, within sequences that are often continuous and extremely well-preserved at decadal, annual and even seasonal resolution. As a consequence, the Holocene is perhaps the most intensively-studied series/epoch within the entire Geological Time Scale. Yet until recently little attention had been paid to a formal subdivision of the Holocene. Here we describe an initiative by the Subcommission on Quaternary Stratigraphy (SQS) of the International Commission on Stratigraphy (ICS) to develop a formal stratigraphical subdivision of the Holocene, with three new stages/ages, two underpinned by Global Boundary Stratotype Sections and Points (GSSPs in an ice core, and a third in a speleothem. These stages/ages are defined together with their equivalent subseries/subepochs. The new stages/ages are the Greenlandian with its GSSP in the Greenland NGRIP2 ice core and dated at 11,700 yr b2k (before 2000 CE); the Northgrippian with its GSSP in the Greenland NGRIP1 ice core and dated to 8236 yr b2k; and the Meghalayan, with its GSSP in a speleothem from Mawmluh Cave, northeastern India, with a date of 4250 yr b2k. This subdivision was formally ratified by the Executive Committee of the International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS) on 14 th June 2018.

AB - The Holocene Series/Epoch is the most recent series/epoch in the geological timescale, spanning the interval from 11,700 yr to the present day. Together with the subadjacent Pleistocene, it comprises the Quaternary System/Period. The Holocene record contains diverse geomorphological, biological, climatological and archaeological evidence, within sequences that are often continuous and extremely well-preserved at decadal, annual and even seasonal resolution. As a consequence, the Holocene is perhaps the most intensively-studied series/epoch within the entire Geological Time Scale. Yet until recently little attention had been paid to a formal subdivision of the Holocene. Here we describe an initiative by the Subcommission on Quaternary Stratigraphy (SQS) of the International Commission on Stratigraphy (ICS) to develop a formal stratigraphical subdivision of the Holocene, with three new stages/ages, two underpinned by Global Boundary Stratotype Sections and Points (GSSPs in an ice core, and a third in a speleothem. These stages/ages are defined together with their equivalent subseries/subepochs. The new stages/ages are the Greenlandian with its GSSP in the Greenland NGRIP2 ice core and dated at 11,700 yr b2k (before 2000 CE); the Northgrippian with its GSSP in the Greenland NGRIP1 ice core and dated to 8236 yr b2k; and the Meghalayan, with its GSSP in a speleothem from Mawmluh Cave, northeastern India, with a date of 4250 yr b2k. This subdivision was formally ratified by the Executive Committee of the International Union of Geological Sciences (IUGS) on 14 th June 2018.

U2 - 10.1007/s12594-019-1141-9

DO - 10.1007/s12594-019-1141-9

M3 - Article

VL - 93

SP - 135

EP - 141

JO - Journal of the Geological Society of India

JF - Journal of the Geological Society of India

SN - 0974-6889

IS - 2

ER -