Formation of Rhodium Carbonyl Cluster Thiolates with Concomitant H2 evolution

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Reaction of [Rh6(CO)15(NCMe)] with p-thiocresol [(4-Me)C6H4SH] leads to the formation of [Rh2(CO)4(μ-SC6H4CH3)2] as the main product along with a small amount of [Rh6(CO)16]. An approximately 30-fold excess of the thiol is required in order to obtain a good yield of the thiolate-bridged dimer while reaction of [Rh4(CO)12] with an excess of p-thiocresol leads to an apparently clean conversion to the dimeric Rh(I) complex. Mass spectrometric measurements show that the latter reaction involves evolution of H2, and CO evolution is indicated by the retardation of the reaction in CO saturated solution; these results suggest the following reaction stoichiometry: [Rh4(CO)12]+4RSH→2[Rh2(CO)4(μ-SR)2]+2H2+4CO. Kinetic measurements show that the reaction proceeds in three stages which are proposed to involve two rapid pre-equilibria and a final irreversible and relatively slow conversion to the products. The crystal and molecular structure of [Rh2(CO)4(μ2-SC6H4CH3)2] is reported.


  • Nitsa Kiriakidou-Kazemifar
  • Matti Haukka
  • Tapani Pakkanen
  • Sergey Tunik
  • Ebbe Nordlander
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Sidor (från-till)65-73
TidskriftJournal of Organometallic Chemistry
Utgåva nummer1-2
StatusPublished - 2001
Peer review utfördJa