Frataxin deficiency in pancreatic islets causes diabetes due to loss of beta cell mass

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

Diabetes is caused by an absolute (type 1) or relative (type 2) deficiency of insulin-producing beta cells. We have disrupted expression of the mitochondrial protein frataxin selectively in pancreatic beta cells. Mice were born healthy but subsequently developed impaired glucose tolerance progressing to overt diabetes mellitus. These observations were explained by impairment of insulin secretion due to a loss of beta cell mass in knockout animals. This phenotype was preceded by elevated levels of reactive oxygen species in knockout islets, an increased frequency of apoptosis, and a decreased number of proliferating beta cells. Hence, disruption of the frataxin gene in pancreatic beta cells causes diabetes following cellular growth arrest and apoptosis, paralleled by an increase in reactive oxygen species in islets. These observations might provide insight into the deterioration of beta cell function observed in different subtypes of diabetes in humans.

Detaljer

Författare
  • M Ristow
  • Hindrik Mulder
  • D Pomplun
  • T Schulz
  • K Muller-Schmehl
  • A Krause
  • Malin Fex
  • H Puccio
  • J Muller
  • F Isken
  • J Spranger
  • D Muller-Wieland
  • MA Magnuson
  • M Mohlig
  • M Koenig
  • AFH Pfeiffer
Enheter & grupper
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Endokrinologi och diabetes
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)527-534
TidskriftJournal of Clinical Investigation
Volym112
Utgivningsnummer4
StatusPublished - 2003
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa