Function after anterior cruciate ligament injuries. Influence of visual control and proprioception
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Information about limb positions and movements consists of input from visual, vestibular, cutaneous, muscular, tendinous and joint receptors, but the relative contribution from each type and location of receptors is not known. The aim of this study was: a) to measure the contribution from visual control on extremity function, as measured with a one-leg hop test in healthy persons, in patients with an asymptomatic ACL injury, after non-operative treatment and in patients with a stable knee after an ACL reconstruction, b) to investigate if there was any relation between proprioception from the extremity, as measured with the threshold for detecting passive motion of the knee, and the one-leg hop test with a gradual decrease in visual control. There was a decrease in hop-length when the subjects were deprived of visual control that was significant when the dominant eye or both eyes were blinded, both in the 2 patient groups and the reference population. The magnitude of the length reduction did not differ between the groups or between injured and healthy limbs. In all 4 threshold tests performed as a measure of peripheral proprioception, a stronger relation to hop-length was recorded for the blinded hop than with full visual control in the patients with nonoperated ACL injuries. The coefficients of correlation between hop-length and the proprioceptive recordings in the injured limb were of the same magnitude as on the healthy side.