Function of adult pig hearts after 2 and 12 hours of cold cardioplegic preservation

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BACKGROUND: Most cardioplegic solutions have been developed using the classic Langendorf heart perfusion model, which only allows a short experimental follow-up. Our aim was to investigate hearts after prolonged storage by using a physiologic model including prolonged perfusion with normal, fresh blood. METHODS: Sixteen hearts from 60-kg pigs were preserved with dextran-enriched (dextran-40, 35 g/L) St. Thomas' solution for 2 or 12 hours after which they were continuously reperfused for 12 hours with normal blood, supplied by a support pig. A flexible balloon, fixed to an artificial valve apparatus connected to a circuit system, was inserted in the left ventricle for obtaining measurements of hemodynamic performance. RESULTS: During the first 3 to 4 hours of reperfusion there was no significant difference in left ventricular developed pressure, cardiac output, minute work output, or oxygen consumption between the two groups. After this time left ventricular developed pressure (p < 0.001), cardiac output (p < 0.01), minute work output (p < 0.01), and oxygen consumption were significantly lower in the 12-hour group. Coronary flow was higher (p < 0.01) and coronary vascular resistance lower (p < 0.01) during the first 5 to 6 hours of reperfusion in the 12-hour group. After 12 hours of reperfusion coronary vascular resistance was significantly higher (p < 0.01) in the 12-hour group. CONCLUSIONS: High-degree and long-lasting coronary hyperemia at the beginning of reperfusion can be a sign of unsatisfactory preservation of the heart. This investigation shows the importance of reperfusion with normal blood and a long follow-up period after postischemic reperfusion when studying the effect of cardioplegic solutions.


Enheter & grupper

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Kirurgi
  • Kardiologi
Sidor (från-till)73-78
TidskriftAnnals of Thoracic Surgery
Utgåva nummer1
StatusPublished - 1998
Peer review utfördJa

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