Functional Screening Identifies MicroRNA Regulators of Corin Activity and Atrial Natriuretic Peptide Biogenesis

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title = "Functional Screening Identifies MicroRNA Regulators of Corin Activity and Atrial Natriuretic Peptide Biogenesis",
abstract = "Atrial natriuretic peptide (ANP) represents an attractive therapeutic target in hypertension and heart failure. The biologically active form of ANP is produced by the cardiac serine protease corin, and modulation of its activity might therefore represent a novel approach for ANP augmentation. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) are pervasive regulators of gene expression, but their potential role in regulating corin activity has not been elucidated. Our aim was to systematically identify and characterize miRNA regulators of corin activity in human cardiomyocytes. An assay for measuring serine protease activity in human induced pluripotent stem cell (iPS)-derived cardiomyocytes was used to perform a comprehensive screening of miRNA family inhibitors (n = 42). miRNA 1-3p (miR-1-3p) was identified as a potent inhibitor of corin activity. The interaction between miR-1-3p and a specific target site in the CORIN 3' untranslated region (3' UTR) was confirmed through argonaute 2 (AGO2)-RNA immunoprecipitation and reporter assays. Inhibition of miR-1-3p resulted in upregulation of CORIN gene and protein expression, as well as a concomitant increase in extracellular ANP. Additionally, miR-1-3p was found to interact with and inhibit the expression of several transcriptional activators of ANP gene expression. In conclusion, we have identified a novel regulator of corin activity and ANP biogenesis in human cardiomyocytes that might be of potential future therapeutic utility.",
keywords = "atrial natriuretic peptide, cardiomyocyte, corin, heart failure, microRNA",
author = "Selvi Celik and Mardjaneh Karbalaei-Sadegh and G{\"o}ran R{\aa}degran and Smith, {J. Gustav} and Olof Gidl{\"o}f",
year = "2019",
month = "12",
doi = "10.1128/MCB.00271-19",
language = "English",
volume = "39",
journal = "Molecular and Cellular Biology",
issn = "0270-7306",
publisher = "American Society for Microbiology",
number = "23",