Gastrointestinal stromal tumors with KIT mutations exhibit a remarkably homogeneous gene expression profile

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift

Abstract

Gastrointestinal stromal tumors (GISTs), the most common mesenchymal tumors of the digestive tract, are believed to arise from the interstitial cells of Cajal. GISTs are characterized by mutations in the proto-oncogene KIT that lead to constitutive activation of its tyrosine kinase activity. The tyrosine kinase inhibitor STI571, active against the BCR-ABL fusion protein in chronic myeloid leukemia, was recently shown to be highly effective in GISTs. We used 13,826-element cDNA microarrays to define the expression patterns of 13 KIT mutation-positive GISTs and compared them with the expression profiles of a group of spindle cell tumors from locations outside the gastrointestinal tract. Our results showed a remarkably distinct and uniform expression profile for all of the GISTs. In particular, hierarchical clustering of a subset of 113 cDNAs placed all of the GIST samples into one branch, with a Pearson correlation >0.91. This homogeneity suggests that the molecular pathogenesis of a GIST results from expansion of a clone that has acquired an activating mutation in KIT without the extreme genetic instability found in the common epithelial cancers. The results provide insight into the histogenesis of GIST and the clinical behavior of this therapeutically responsive tumor.

Detaljer

Författare
  • S V Allander
  • N N Nupponen
  • Markus Ringnér
  • G Hostetter
  • G W Maher
  • N Goldberger
  • Y Chen
  • J Carpten
  • A G Elkahloun
  • P S Meltzer
Externa organisationer
  • National Human Genome Research Institute
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Cancer och onkologi
Originalspråkengelska
Sidor (från-till)8624-8628
TidskriftCancer Research
Volym61
Utgivningsnummer24
StatusPublished - 2001
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa
Externt publiceradJa