Generation and regulation of β-amyloid peptide variants by neurons
Forskningsoutput: Tidskriftsbidrag › Artikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift
Studies of processing of the Alzheimer β-amyloid precursor protein (βAPP) have been performed to date mostly in continuous cell lines and indicate the existence of two principal metabolic pathways: the 'β- secretase' pathway, which generates β-amyloid (Aβ(1-40/42); ~4 kDa), and the 'α-secretase' pathway, which generates a smaller fragment, the 'p3' peptide (Aβ(17-40/42); ~3 kDa). To determine whether similar processing events underlie βAPP metabolism in neurons, media were examined following conditioning by primary neuronal cultures derived from embryonic day 17 rats. Immunoprecipitates of conditioned media derived from [35S]methionine pulse- labeled primary neuronal cultures contained 4- and 3-kDa Aβ-related species. Radiosequencing analysis revealed that the 4-kDa band corresponded to conventional Aβ beginning at position Aβ(Asp1), whereas both radio- sequencing and immunoprecipitation-mass spectrometry analyses indicated that the 3-kDa species in these conditioned media began with Aβ(Glu11) at the N terminus, rather than Aβ(Leu17) as does the conventional p3 peptide. Either activation of protein kinase C or inhibition of protein phosphatase 1/2A increased soluble βAPP(α) release and decreased generation of both the 4-kDa Aβ and the 3-kDa N-truncated Aβ. Unlike results obtained with continuously cultured cells, protein phosphatase 1/2A inhibitors were more potent at reducing Aβ secretion by neurons than were protein kinase C activators. These data indicate that rodent neurons generate abundant Aft variant peptides and emphasize the role of protein phosphatases in modulating neuronal Aβ generation.
Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK
|Tidskrift||Journal of Neurochemistry|
|Status||Published - 1998 nov 1|
|Peer review utförd||Ja|