Graduates’ perceptions of prosthetic and orthotic education and clinical practice in Tanzania and Malawi

Forskningsoutput: KonferensbidragKonferensabstract

Abstract

Background: Maintaining and improving the quality of prosthetics and orthotics education at the Tanzania Training Centre for Orthopaedic Technologists is essential for the provision of appropriate prosthetics and orthotics services in African countries.

Aim: To describe how Tanzanian and Malawian graduates’ of the Diploma in Orthopaedic Technology perceive their education and how it could be improved or supplemented to facilitate clinical practice of graduates.

Methods: Nineteen graduates from the diploma course in orthopaedic technology were interviewed in Tanzania and Malawi. Data were transcribed and a qualitative phenomenographic analysis was applied to the data.

Results: Seven descriptive categories emerged, namely varied awareness of the profession before starting education, well-equipped teaching facilities, aspects lacking in the learning context, need for changes in the curriculum, enabling people to walk is motivating, obstacles in working conditions and the need for continuous professional development. All participants perceived possible improvements to the content and learning environment.

Discussion: The study can contribute to the evidence base for review of the international guidelines for training personnel in developing countries for prosthetics and orthotics services. The major changes to the curriculum suggested were to reduce the time spent on learning to work with metal and wood and to focus more on advanced prosthetic and orthotic technology. The technology used in low-income countries has changed in Malawi and Tanzania, where polypropylene technology is commonly used. However, this development is dependent on the provision of components by the International Committee of the Red Cross or similar provisions to Africa. Sustainability needs to be carefully considered while recommending changes to the curriculum.

Conclusions: Prosthetic and orthotic education can be better provided by modifying the content of the diploma program by dedicating more time to the clinical management of different patient groups and applied biomechanics as well as reducing the program content focusing on technical aspects of prosthetic and orthotic practice. Graduates were not prepared for the rural working conditions and the graduates desired continued training.

Detaljer

Författare
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Tumaini University Makumira
Forskningsområden

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Ortopedi

Nyckelord

Originalspråkengelska
StatusPublished - 2016 aug 21
PublikationskategoriForskning
Peer review utfördJa
EvenemangFATO 8 th International Congress in 2016 - Lomé, Togo
Varaktighet: 2016 aug 212016 aug 26

Konferens

KonferensFATO 8 th International Congress in 2016
LandTogo
OrtLomé
Period2016/08/212016/08/26