Group belongingness and collective action: Effects of need to belong and rejection sensitivity on willingness to participate in protest activities

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T1 - Group belongingness and collective action: Effects of need to belong and rejection sensitivity on willingness to participate in protest activities

AU - Bäck, Emma

AU - Bäck, Hanna

AU - Knapton, Holly

PY - 2015

Y1 - 2015

N2 - Engaging in political protests are becoming increasingly common, and considering the potential, individual, costs and the low probability of affecting the political outcome, it is necessary to understand the motivations behind such actions. The desire to be part of a social group is deeply rooted in human nature, and previous research proposes that the groups one belongs to may influence the decision to engage in protests. We build on this research and suggest that social exclusion, individual fear of exclusion and need to belong interact in explaining who is likely to become engaged. In two studies, one natural experiment and one lab-experiment, we show that social exclusion increase willingness to participate in protests for individuals high in both rejection sensitivity and need to belong. We conclude that contextual factors, such as exclusion or marginalization should be considered in relation to individual level personality factors when explaining who is likely to become engaged in political protests. These results are important since they suggest that some people engage in politics simply due to social reasons and are less ideologically motivated.

AB - Engaging in political protests are becoming increasingly common, and considering the potential, individual, costs and the low probability of affecting the political outcome, it is necessary to understand the motivations behind such actions. The desire to be part of a social group is deeply rooted in human nature, and previous research proposes that the groups one belongs to may influence the decision to engage in protests. We build on this research and suggest that social exclusion, individual fear of exclusion and need to belong interact in explaining who is likely to become engaged. In two studies, one natural experiment and one lab-experiment, we show that social exclusion increase willingness to participate in protests for individuals high in both rejection sensitivity and need to belong. We conclude that contextual factors, such as exclusion or marginalization should be considered in relation to individual level personality factors when explaining who is likely to become engaged in political protests. These results are important since they suggest that some people engage in politics simply due to social reasons and are less ideologically motivated.

KW - Collective action

KW - personality

KW - social exclusion

KW - rejection

U2 - 10.1111/sjop.12225

DO - 10.1111/sjop.12225

M3 - Article

VL - 56

SP - 537

EP - 544

JO - Scandinavian Journal of Psychology

JF - Scandinavian Journal of Psychology

SN - 1467-9450

IS - 5

ER -