Growth patterns and their contributing factors among HIV-exposed uninfected infants

Forskningsoutput: TidskriftsbidragArtikel i vetenskaplig tidskrift


With expanded HIV treatment and prevention programmes, most infants born to HIV-positive women are uninfected, but the patterns and determinants of their growth are not well described. This study aimed to assess growth patterns in a cohort of HIV-exposed uninfected (HEU) infants who participated in an experimental HIV vaccine trial and to test for associations with maternal and infant factors, including in-utero exposure to antiretroviral therapy (ART), mode of delivery, exclusive breastfeeding, mother's education and receipt of the vaccine. Infants in the trial were seen at regular clinic visits from birth to 48 weeks of age. From the anthropometric measurements at these visits, weight-for-age z-scores (WAZ), weight-for-length z-scores (WLZ) and length-for-age z-scores (LAZ) were computed using World Health Organization (WHO) software and reference tables. Growth patterns were investigated with respect to maternal and infant factors, using linear mixed regression models. From 94 infants included at birth, growth data were available for 75.5% at 48 weeks. The determinants of infant growth in this population are multifactorial: infant LAZ during the first year was significantly lower among infants delivered by caesarean section (p = 0.043); both WAZ and LAZ were depressed among infants with longer exposure to maternal ART (WAZ: p = 0.015; LAZ: p < 0.0001) and among infants of mothers with lower educational level (WAZ: p = 0.038; LAZ: p < 0.0001); the effect of maternal education was modified by breastfeeding practice, with no differences seen in exclusively breastfed infants. These findings inform intervention strategies to preserve growth in this vulnerable infant population.


  • Aminata Ndiaye
  • Klara Suneson
  • Irene Njuguna
  • Gwen Ambler
  • Tomas Hanke
  • Grace John-Stewart
  • Walter Jaoko
  • Marie Reilly
Enheter & grupper
Externa organisationer
  • Karolinska Institute
  • Kenyatta National Hospital
  • University of Washington
  • University of Oxford
  • University of Nairobi

Ämnesklassifikation (UKÄ) – OBLIGATORISK

  • Folkhälsovetenskap, global hälsa, socialmedicin och epidemiologi


TidskriftMaternal and Child Nutrition
StatusE-pub ahead of print - 2020 dec 2
Peer review utfördJa